U.S. Sugar Import Concessions: In Place, Proposed, or Being Negotiated

Minimum Import Amount Comment
  WTO FTAs Total  
– metric tons, raw value –
In Place
WTO (40 Countries) 1,139,175 1,139,175 Uruguay Round commitment
NAFTA – Mexico 1 10,212 Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited access began January 1, 2008
CAFTA/DR 2 311,700 126,020 437,720 Grows, on average, by 3,153 mt/yr years 2-15; by 2,640 mt/yr thereafter
Colombia 25,273 50,000 75,273 Grows by 750 mt/yr forever
Peru 3 43,175 11,000 54,175 Grows by 180 mt/yr forever
Panama 30,538 7,000 37,538 Grows by 60 mt/yr for 10 years
Being negotiated
WTO If completed, the Doha Round of WTO could result in increased minimum sugar imports (+300,000-400,000 tons) and a reduced second-tier tariff (-25-50%).
TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership) These negotiations could result in additional concessions to sugar-producing countries throughout the Asia-Pacific region (current countries produce 7-8 mmt of sugar).

1 Canada excluded from the sugar provision of NAFTA

2 CAFTA/DR access for CY 2012; includes 2,000 tons of specialty sugars for Costa Rica. CAFTA countries’ WTO access included in WTO total.

3 Peru FTA includes 2,000 tons of special sugars not subject to net exporter status.

NOTE: CAFTA/DR and Peru FTA net-exporter provisions (exports to world market minus imports from world market) could limit the access of the Dominican Republic some years and Peru in most years. Same provision applies to Colombia and Panama FTAs.