U.S. Sugar Import Concessions: In Place, Proposed, or Being Negotiated
|Minimum Import Amount||Comment|
|– metric tons, raw value –|
|WTO (40 Countries)||1,139,175||—||1,139,175||Uruguay Round commitment|
|NAFTA – Mexico 1||10,212||Unlimited||Unlimited||Unlimited access began January 1, 2008|
|CAFTA/DR 2||311,700||126,020||437,720||Grows, on average, by 3,153 mt/yr years 2-15; by 2,640 mt/yr thereafter|
|Colombia||25,273||50,000||75,273||Grows by 750 mt/yr forever|
|Peru 3||43,175||11,000||54,175||Grows by 180 mt/yr forever|
|Panama||30,538||7,000||37,538||Grows by 60 mt/yr for 10 years|
|WTO||If completed, the Doha Round of WTO could result in increased minimum sugar imports (+300,000-400,000 tons) and a reduced second-tier tariff (-25-50%).|
|TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership)||These negotiations could result in additional concessions to sugar-producing countries throughout the Asia-Pacific region (current countries produce 7-8 mmt of sugar).|
1 Canada excluded from the sugar provision of NAFTA
2 CAFTA/DR access for CY 2012; includes 2,000 tons of specialty sugars for Costa Rica. CAFTA countries’ WTO access included in WTO total.
3 Peru FTA includes 2,000 tons of special sugars not subject to net exporter status.
NOTE: CAFTA/DR and Peru FTA net-exporter provisions (exports to world market minus imports from world market) could limit the access of the Dominican Republic some years and Peru in most years. Same provision applies to Colombia and Panama FTAs.